Mongolia is located in the heart of Central Asia. It borders with the Russia in the north and the People's Republic of China in the south. Mongolia's total land area is 1,564,116 km².
Mongolia is the fifth largest country in Asia and the seventeenth largest in the world. This beautiful country of forever-blue sky is surrounded by High Altai Rocky Mountains in the west; dense forested areas in the north, vast plain in the east, and Gobi desert in the south. Much of Mongolia consists of steppes. The highest point in Mongolia is the Khuiten Peak in the Tavan Bogd Mountain in the far west at 4,374 m (14,350 ft). The basin of the lake Uvs Nuur, shared with Tuva Republic in Russia, is a natural World Heritage Site.
The country has an average elevation of 1580 meters. The landscape includes one of Asia's largest freshwater lakes (Khuvsgul Nuur), many salt lakes, marshes, sand dunes, rolling grasslands, alpine forests, and mountain glaciers. Northern and western Mongolia is seismically active zones, with frequent earthquakes and many hot springs and extinct volcanoes.
Mongolia has three major mountain ranges. The highest is the Altai Mountains, which stretch across the western and the southwestern regions of the country on a northwest-to-southeast axis. The Khangain Nuruu, mountains also trending northwest to southeast, occupy much of central and north-central Mongolia. The Khentiin Nuruu, mountains near the Russian border to the northeast of Ulaanbaatar, is lower still. Much of eastern Mongolia is occupied by a plain, and the lowest area is a southwest-to-northeast trending depression that reaches from the Gobi region in the south to the eastern frontier. The rivers drain in three directions: north to the Arctic Ocean, east to the Pacific, or south to the deserts and the depressions of Inner Asia. Mongolia is rich in natural resources: oil, coal, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, wolfram and gold.