Khuvsgul is a land of thick forests, rushing rivers, sparkling lakes and rugged mountains. It’s Mongolia’s most beautiful province and seemingly every river bend or lake cove offers new and wonderful surprises. It does rain a lot during summer, but this only adds to the scenery: rainbows hang over meadows dotted with white gers and grazing horses and yaks.
One of the top attractions of the Northern Mongolia is Khuvsgul Lake. The lake lies within boundaries of the Khuvsgul National Park. The area of Khuvsgul Lake, raised well above sea level, is 2760ms. Its length is 136 km and width 36.5 km. The outflow from Khuvsgul Lake drains into the Eg River and Selenge River and finally reaches Lake Baikal in Siberia. This lake is revered to all Mongolians and is known as "Mother Sea". Many Mongolians are proud to call this lake as "Blue Pearl of Asia ". Untouched by industry and modern urban life, the Khuvsgul Lake's water is unbelievably clean. The scientists have announced that Lake Khuvsgul contains two percent of world's fresh water resources. This is a place in Mongolia where one can get sense of total unspoiled wilderness. The area is paradise for outdoor travelers and there are plenty of room for activities like hiking, birding, fishing, horseback travel and kayaking.
Tsaatan – is a nation, who keeps reindeers, which inhabitants in the northern part of Mongolia. Usually Tsaatan tribe lives in the high taiga mountains, which are very difficult to reach them. In winter time Tsaatan people move with their reindeer herds to their farm high in the mountains, closer to stars and then only helicopters can reach them. During 70 years communist regime, this nation could keep their tradition, culture and identity. However, depending on their population minority it is running the danger of disappearance of the nation at present time. The main food of Tsaatan is reindeer milk product and meats of wild animals hunted by them. While the Khalkh dominate the south, there are also scattered populations of Buriat, Uriankhai, Khotgoid and Darkhad people. The north is a stronghold of shamanism and you may be fortunate enough to see a shaman ceremony.
Shamanism - The tribes live in the northern part of Mongolia such as Darkhad and Tsaatan, in the northeastern area of Mongolia (Buryat and Khamnigan) and tribes live in the Central-Mongolia, the Khalkh maintain the ancient shamanic traditions. Shamans practice a form of animistic religion (animism - magic thinking belief - all humans, animals and all things in nature have a soul - spirit) with several meanings and with different characters. The central element in the shamanism is constituted by the worship of the Blue Mighty Eternal Heaven - "Blue Sky" . There are a total of 99 Tengris (sky-spirits) or heavenly creatures in the lower and upper world, in which Köke Möngke Tengri (Eternal Blue Heaven) is the supreme. The next to Köke Möngke Tengri is the Qurmusata King. He has a special relation with the origin of fire. The fire is sacred for this people. One of this rule says: "Never stamp out the fire or put rubbish or water on it".